damage

damage
I. damage dam‧age 1 [ˈdæmɪdʒ] noun
1. [uncountable] a bad effect on something that makes it weaker or less successful:
damage to

• The result of this policy will be severe damage to the British economy.

2. [uncountable] physical harm caused to something:

• a fire which caused hundreds of pounds' worth of damage to property

3. flood/​storm/​wind etc damage INSURANCE damage caused by a flood, storm etc:

• The shop suffered severe smoke damage.

apˌparent ˈdamage [uncountable] TRANSPORT
damage that is noticed when goods are being unloaded from a ship and is reported to the ship's owners
4. damages [plural] LAW money that a court orders someone to pay to someone else for harming them or their property, or causing them financial loss:

• The group is facing claims for damages after supplying faulty goods.

• They are being sued for damages by clients who had been advised to invest in an insurance company that went bankrupt.

• A federal jury awarded damages for breach of contract.

ˌactual ˈdamages [plural] LAW
money that a court orders someone to pay to someone else for harming them or their property, to cover the cost of the harm, rather than to punish them:

• The jury's verdict included $17 million in actual damages.

adˌditional ˈdamages [plural] LAW
an additional amount of money that a court orders someone to pay as damages:

• If the plaintiff is seeking additional damages for loss of earning capacity, the defendant must be given proper notice.

ˌcivil ˈdamages [plural] LAW
damages that the court orders someone to pay following a court case between companies or people, using civil law, rather than a case started by a government:

• The manufacturer has not paid civil damages because negligence has not been proven in court.

ˌcompensatory ˈdamages [plural] LAW
another name for actual damages
ˌconsequential ˈdamages [plural] LAW
damages paid by a person or organization, relating to the direct result of their mistake or negligence:

• The company shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages resulting from the use of the software.

— compare incidental damages
exˌemplary ˈdamages [plural] LAW
damages that a court orders someone to pay as a punishment, rather than to pay for actual harm:

• The singer is seeking exemplary damages against the newspaper for printing a story claiming that he is an alcoholic.

ˌincidental ˈdamages [plural] LAW
damages paid by a person or organization, relating to the indirect result of their mistake or negligence — compare consequential damages
ˌliquidated ˈdamages
[plural] LAW damages specified in a contract that are payable if a particular thing is not done:

• The government is entitled to deduct liquidated damages of more than £6.9 million for late completion of works.

ˈmoney ˌdamages also ˈmonetary ˌdamages [plural] LAW
damages in the form of money, rather than another type of court judgement
ˌnominal ˈdamages [plural] LAW
a small amount of damages that a court orders someone to pay to show that wrong has been done, but that it did not cause great harm or financial loss:

• The family asked the judge to award at least nominal damages.

ˌnon-ecoˌnomic ˈdamages [plural] LAW
damages that are paid for physical harm that has been done rather than for financial loss:

• Non-economic damages should be paid only to the victims with permanently disabling injuries.

ˌpunitive ˈdamages [plural] LAW
another name for exemplary damages
ˌtreble ˈdamages also ˌtriple ˈdamages [plural] LAW
damages that are calculated on the basis of the financial loss multiplied by three:

• The jury awarded the tour company $235,000 and, under treble damages, the amount climbed to $705,000.

unˌspecified ˈdamages [plural] LAW
when the person asking for damages does not state the amount they are asking for, but lets the court decide:

• The couple filed a lawsuit seeking unspecified damages, claiming that the pension advisor deliberately misled them.

  [m0] II. damage damage 2 verb [transitive]
1. to cause physical harm to something:

• Be careful not to damage the timer mechanism.

• goods damaged in transit

2. to have a bad effect on something in a way that makes it weaker or less successful:

• Taylor felt her reputation had been damaged by the newspaper article.

* * *

Ⅰ.
damage UK US /ˈdæmɪdʒ/ noun [U]
harm that is done to someone or something that makes them less successful: damage to sth/sb »

The firm was lucky to get away with little damage to its reputation.

do/cause damage (to sth/sb) »

The pensions scandal did a lot of damage to the Government's credibility.

inflict damage on sth/sb »

Public relations disasters could inflict damage on the brand.

»

The solicitors say their clients will hold the bank liable for any loss and damage suffered as a result of the arrangements.

»

severe/irreparable/serious damage

»

economic/financial damage

physical harm that is done to something: »

They asked their insurers to assess the damage so that they could make a claim.

do/cause damage (to sth) »

The government estimates the damage done by the fires at millions of pounds.

»

Roofs are most likely to suffer damage during a hurricane.

»

storm/wind/water damage

»

severe/irreparable/serious damage

»

environmental/structural damage

damages — Cf. damages
the damage is done — Cf. the damage is done
See also ACTUAL DAMAGES(Cf. ↑actual damages), ADDITIONAL DAMAGES(Cf. ↑additional damages), APPARENT DAMAGE(Cf. ↑apparent damage), CIVIL DAMAGES(Cf. ↑civil damages), COMPENSATORY DAMAGES(Cf. ↑compensatory damages), CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES(Cf. ↑consequential damages), CRIMINAL DAMAGE(Cf. ↑criminal damage), EXEMPLARY DAMAGES(Cf. ↑exemplary damages), INCIDENTAL DAMAGES(Cf. ↑incidental damages), LIQUIDATED DAMAGES(Cf. ↑liquidated damages), MONEY DAMAGES(Cf. ↑money damages), NOMINAL DAMAGES(Cf. ↑nominal damages), NON-ECONOMIC DAMAGES(Cf. ↑non-economic damages), PROPERTY DAMAGE(Cf. ↑property damage), PUNITIVE DAMAGES(Cf. ↑punitive damages), TREBLE DAMAGES(Cf. ↑treble damages), UNSPECIFIED DAMAGES(Cf. ↑unspecified damages)
Ⅱ.
damage UK US /ˈdæmɪdʒ/ verb [T]
to harm someone or something in a way that makes them less successful: »

The Chancellor is being urged not to take steps that could damage Britain's competitiveness.

»

They feared that public knowledge of the deal might damage them.

seriously/severely/irreparably damage sb/sth »

He is suing his colleague on the grounds that her accusations severely damaged his reputation.

to physically harm something: »

People who are under-insured won't be able to rebuild if their homes are damaged by a hurricane.

seriously/severely/irreparably damage sth »

The fire completely destroyed five buildings and severely damaged several more.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

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  • Damage — may refer to: Contents 1 General concepts 1.1 Biology and medical 1.2 Law …   Wikipedia

  • damage — dam·age 1 n [Old French, from dam injury, harm, from Latin damnum financial loss, fine] 1: loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation 2 pl: the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or… …   Law dictionary

  • damage — [ damaʒ ] n. m. • 1838; de damer ♦ Techn. Action de damer le sol; son résultat. Le damage de la neige, d une piste de ski. ● damage nom masculin Action de damer. ⇒DAMAGE, subst. masc. Action de tasser de la terre ou tout autre matériau,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Damage — ist der Titel einer Comicserie, die der US amerikanische Verlag DC Comics von 1994 bis 1996 veröffentlichte. Die Serie war eine Mischung aus Abenteuer und Science Fiction Comic und handelte von den Erlebnissen eines gleichnamigen jugendlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damage — Dam age (d[a^]m [asl]j; 48), n. [OF. damage, domage, F. dommage, fr. assumed LL. damnaticum, from L. damnum damage. See {Damn}.] 1. Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damage — Damage, Inc. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Damage, inc.» Canción de Metallica álbum Master of Puppets Publicación 21 de febrero de 1986 …   Wikipedia Español

  • damage — ► NOUN 1) physical harm reducing the value, operation, or usefulness of something. 2) (damages) financial compensation for a loss or injury. ► VERB ▪ cause damage to. ● what s the damage? Cf. ↑what s the damage? …   English terms dictionary

  • Damage — Dam age, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Damaged} (d[a^]m [asl]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Damaging} (d[a^]m [asl]*j[i^]ng).] [Cf. OF. damagier, domagier. See {Damage}, n.] To occasion damage to the soundness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damage — Dam age (d[a^]m [asl]j), v. i. To receive damage or harm; to be injured or impaired in soundness or value; as, some colors in cloth damage in sunlight. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • damage — [n1] injury, loss accident, adulteration, adversity, affliction, bane, blemish, blow, breakage, bruise, casualty, catastrophe, cave in, contamination, corruption, debasement, depreciation, deprivation, destruction, deterioration, detriment,… …   New thesaurus

  • damage — [dam′ij] n. [ME < OFr < dam < L damnum, loss, injury: see DAMN] 1. injury or harm to a person or thing, resulting in a loss in soundness or value 2. [pl.] Law money claimed by, or ordered paid to, a person to compensate for injury or… …   English World dictionary

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